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HE Huanhuan | Xuanzang,Bhãviveka and Dignāga -- On the "Restriction of the Thesis" (*pratijnavisesana)

Release Date: 2017/8/18 10:34:28

HE Huanhuan | Xuanzang,Bhãviveka and Dignāga -- On the

 

It was said that at the debate held in the city Kanyakubja, Xuanzang, the household Chinese Buddihist monk, set forth an argument against which nobody dared raise any objections at the time. Afterwards, it became well known as the weishibiliang or zhenweishiliang in the history of Buddhism.

 

On the morning of August 17, HE huanhuan, Director of Buddhist Resource and Research Center of Zhejiang University, gave a talk on her innovative Buddhist research on the relation between Xuanzang’s proposition with Bhãviveka and Dignāga .

HE Huanhuan | Xuanzang,Bhãviveka and Dignāga -- On the

 

Dr. HE first introduced the three Buddhist masters and the evolution of their representative thoughts. According to He, Dignãga (ca. 480-540) did not use the pratijnavisesana in his logic, primarily because he was not as concerned with maintaining the division of two reality levels as was Bhãviveka. In his Nyãyamukha, he pointed out that one should avoid five kinds of contradictory situations for a correct thesis-proposition, to which Sankarasvãmin (ca. 600-700) added four more in his Nyãyapravesa. In the Pramãnasamuccaya, however, Dignãga only mentions pratyaksaviruddhaanumãnaviruddha ãgamaviruddha, and lokaviruddha, but not svavacanaviruddha. It can be seen that, in the Zhangzhen lun, MHK, and TJ, Bhãviveka's avoidance of contradictions in what is readily perceived (pratyaksa) and in what is common knowledge (pratïti) is possibly derived from Dignãga's prαtyaksaviruddha and lokaviruddha. Bhaviveka is the first Mãdhyamika consistently to use an inference (paksa, hetu, and drstãnta) to prove the sunyatã theory that was not positively proved by Nãgarjuna. In other words, the success of Dignãga's logic enabled Bhãviveka to prove the sunyatã theory with a logical argument, albeit by making use of certain qualifying restrictions. In addition, what needs to be explored is to what extent, if any, Nagãrjuna's dictum in his Vigrahavyãvartanï: 29, namely, that he has no thesis of his own played a role in Bhãviveka's qualifying restriction of the thesis. Xuanzang, in turn, most probably borrowed Bhãviveka's idea-- as a Yogãcãra scholar, he translated the Mãdhyamika's Zhangzhen lun that severely criticizes Yogãcãra thought to use a qualifying restriction to set up an inference to prove the vijñaptimãtratã theory. Therefore, Dr. He proposed, Xuanzang's notion of the jianbie (restriction) is probably borrowed from Bhãviveka; at least the restriction on the thesis-proposition (*pratijnavisesana) is from Bhãviveka's Zhangzhen lun, but the restrictions on the hetu and drstãnta were probably the result of Xuanzang's own reflection on the pratijnavisesana.

 

HE Huanhuan | Xuanzang,Bhãviveka and Dignāga -- On the

HE Huanhuan | Xuanzang,Bhãviveka and Dignāga -- On the "Restriction of the Thesis" (*pratijnavisesana)

 

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