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LI Xinrong | From the Five Penalties to Institutionalized Prisons: Personnel and Construction of the Late Qing Capital Model Prison

Release Date: 2017/7/20 14:53:49

 LI Xinrong | From the Five Penalties to Institutionalized Prisons: Personnel and Construction of the Late Qing Capital Model Prison

 

On the morning of July 18, LI Xinrong from the Department of History, Sun Yat-sen University gave a talk on the Late Qing Prison.

 

Dr.LI first reviewed the ‘five penalties’, which usually included ‘Chi’, canning with small bamboo board, ‘Zhang’ , canning with big bamboo board, ‘Tu’, coolie service, ‘Liu’, exiling, and ‘Si’, death penalty, which would vary from dynasty to dynasty. The Late Qing Prison reforms borrowed the Japanese law which had its influence from the Japanese work house. Board of Punishments added imprisonment and atonement to its penalties. The idea of creating 'model prisons' on a national scale originated from the prison scholar Ogawa Shijiro. SHEN Jiaben, DAI Hongci and others sought more fully and widely implement the new system, but faced limitations with respect to personnel, and resources. Though the physical penalty has taken on the western style which has punishment against freedom taking the principal role, punishment of honor and fine punishment taking the subsidiary role, Dr.LI concluded, the practice of punishment against freedom was not successful in late Qing China.

 

LI Xinrong | From the Five Penalties to Institutionalized Prisons: Personnel and Construction of the Late Qing Capital Model Prison

 

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